Galle
Galle

Things to do in Galle:

* Visit the Galle Fort

* Galle Light House

* The Dutch Reformed Church

* Jungle Beach

* Rumassala Sanjeevani Drops

* Unawatuna Beach

* The Galle National Museum & Maritime Museum

* Arts and crafts shops


The main city in the Southern Province and the primary urban complex set on the southern coast, Galle still bears signs of its earlier colonial past among various modern developments. It is the administrative capital of the south, and the largest city in its eponymous district. Some of the best places to stay here include the famous Lighthouse Hotel, Jungle Beach, Tamarind Hill and the Galle Fort Hotel itself. 

The city itself is home to just 100,000 people, hardly a small crowd on the streets of Colombo but is still beautiful. Its name probably comes from the word “Gallus”, the Latin genus name for chickens since the Dutch used a rooster as their emblem for the city when they took over. Also the word “Gaala” means cattle stand while the Arabic trader and explorer Ibn Batuta named it “Qali” while the original name for the port was Gimhatitta. This literally means harbor on the River Gim, or Gin. Galle was always an important port for international trade across the Indian Ocean, carried out by the Arabs, South Indian Cholas, the Sri Vijayas of Malaysia and the Chinese. All of these civilizations stopped off in Galle at some point of their journey. Sri Lanka itself is in the middle of the Indian Ocean and doubles in as an important headquarters, allowing traders to effectively control the market from our ports alone.

Among the most interesting things to do in Galle is to see the Galle Fort itself, a UNESCO World Heritage Site and the largest remaining colonial fortress in South Asia. The fort was built by the Portuguese during the end of the 15th Century AD but the Dutch took over it when they invaded the southern coast. The siege of Galle happened in 1640 when the Dutch overran what had been built of the Portuguese fort, the Santa Cruz de Gale. The Dutch won the favor of King Rajasinghe of Kandy and renamed the fort as Puntegale or Point de Galle. In 1663 the present fort was built and four years later, the old damaged ramparts were replaced. Today, what remains of the Galle Fort overlooks the sea from off a promontory and there is a reef just offshore in shallow, coastal waters. The Dutch truly created Galle Fort as a proper working unit complete with a Protestant church, living quarters for the workers and the garrisoned soldiers as well as an arsenal for firearms and a smithy. There was also a sewer system that helped to prevent flooding during high tides. About fourteen new bastions were built by the Dutch out of coral limestone and granite, a unique mix of strong building materials. Earlier there had been no seaward wall.

This was added in 1729. Another of the famous places to visit in Galle is the Galle Lighthouse, built during the British era in 1848, long after the Sinhalese kings had fallen. Originally it was eighty feet high, and located about a hundred feet away from the present one. It was destroyed by a fire in 1934. The present lighthouse dates back to 1939 and is still manned by the Sri Lanka Ports Authority. There are in fact, numerous Dutch buildings connected to the Galle Fort. They include some beautiful churches, such as the famous Groote Kerk or the Dutch Reformed Church. In structure and architecture it is rather similar to the Wolfendhal of Colombo, built in a rather Doric style and whitewashed although presently much of it is rather discolored in places. This means that it is made in the form of a cruciform. Constructed in 1755, it is the oldest active Protestant church still remaining in Sri Lanka. Another one in the neighborhood is the All Saints' Church. This was built in 1868 during the British period, with the foundation stone laid down by the second Bishop of Colombo, Rev. Dr. Piers Calvey Claughton. At the time the governor of the island was Sir Hercules Robinson. All Saints' is an Anglican church.


A list of attractions and some of the best things to do in Galle;


TLC Trip Planner image of Galle Fort and place to visit in GalleThings to do in Galle Visit the Galle Museum located inside the Galle FortLink to TLC listing of Galle Maritime Museum located inside the Galle FortThings to do in Galle visit the Unwatunna BeachThings to do in Galle, glass bottom boat ride in Hikkaduwa or snokelling in at the Hikkaduwa Coral ReefRummassa drops in Galle linked to the Ramayana trails


Best time to visit Galle is from December to September


Distance and travel times from Galle to some key cities

Distance from Galle to Colombo is about 128 km and travel time is 1.5 to 2 hours.

Distance from Galle to Bandaranaike International Airport (BIA) is about 160 km and travel time is 2.5 to 3 hours.

Distance from Galle to Yala is about 190 km and travel time is 2.5 to 3 hours

Distance from Galle to Kandy is about 230 km and travel time is 3.5 to 4 hours

For any other location you can use the distance calculator on the side bar.



Written by Vasika Udurawane for TLC.lk


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